Tutorial: Microphone Types & Suggested Uses
IntroductionIn this tutorial I aim to give some pointers and tips about what microphones will work best in certain situations. Of course these are just guidelines and experimentation is the name of the game when it comes to recording. However, it is true that some mics work better than others for some applications, but please use this as a starting point only!
Step 1Shure SM57 and is the industry standard for recording snare drum. It is also great for tom toms and for electric guitar amps. Another great dynamic mic is the Sennhesier 421 which is also great for tom toms and electric guitar amps. The main thing with dynamic mics is to keep in mind that they will work best for louder signals that don't require an incredible amount of detail...
Step 3U67 as well as pretty much all of the other Neumann mics. I always use condenser microphones as drum overheads as well as for room mics as these are also applications that you want a lot of detail. Condenser mics are the most used mics out there for recording and unless I am dealing with a loud signal, I usually end up using a condenser.
Step 4Neumann M49 or M149 for vocals as the tube gives them a special type of sound that you can't achieve without one. You can find some pretty cheap tube condenser mics that sound pretty good these days, but nothing like the big boys. There is really nothing like the sound of a great tube condenser mic and I always love incorporating them into the mix.
ConclusionWhile these are pretty much all of the types of mics that are used for recording and these are generally what they are used for, any mic can be used in pretty much any situation. However, keep in mind that some will work better in certain situations than in others. Like I said before, the main thing with recording is to experiment with different mics in different situations as you never know what will sound good!
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