Dave Smith Instruments Prophet 12

Prophet 12, Hybrid synthesizer from Dave Smith Instruments.

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Dave Smith Instruments Prophet 12 Review

Review The Magnificent!
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During the NAMM 2013, the Prophet 12 swept all other synths. It took DSI more than six months to finish it. Let's see if it was worth the wait or not so...

Dave Smith has been designing synths for 35 years. The Prophet-5 came out in 1978: 5-voice polyphonic, with a Polymod section and memories, compact (for the time), it was a revolution in the synth world. For 20 years, SCI kept introducing ever more innovative instruments, from the elitist Prophet T8 to the hybrid Prophet-VS, before reaching the end of the road with the avant-garde sampler Prophet 3000. And then came silence... until 2002 when the Evolver marked the return of Dave, under the DSI brand. The small Californian company would prove to have a formidable dynamism. DSI is nowadays the only brand offering a range of polyphonic analog and hybrid instruments at an affordable price: synths, modules and even an analog drum machine created in association with Roger Linn. The products have enjoyed a well-deserved success and the company has grown. During the NAMM 2013, DSI introduced a new polyphonic synth, it's biggest one to date. After several months giving it the final touches, the Prophet 12 is finally in our hands (OS Let's see if it can make us forget several decades of Prophets… 

Red on black

DSI Prophet 12

With its all-black metallic finish with flashy red backlit controls and white silk-screen print, chrome pots and wooden casing (the side panels and underneath the keyboard), the Prophet 12 is one of the most beautiful — if not the most beautiful — synth we've had in our hands. Indeed, the manufacturing quality looks professional at all levels. The controls are plentiful: 44 pots, 15 rotary encoders and 58 buttons (some of which are backlit). The encoders are not screwed to the panel and the axis is a bit loose, but nothing to worry about. The pots resemble those of the Prophet 5, with their chromed top and striped body, but a bit smaller. The synth glows with a constellation of backlit red elements: loads of LEDs (some of which blink in rhythm), two backlit wheels for pitch bend and modulation, two vertical touch sliders with LEDs (position- and pressure-sensitive and with position lock key), a big, translucent "12," LEDs enslaved to the voices... impressive!

DSI Prophet 12

A graphic OLED display occupies the central position; it is a bit small but perfectly readable thanks to its very high resolution and great contrast. The 61 weighted-key keyboard is very pleasant, with a nice key action and good dynamics, the keys respond perfectly to velocity and pressure.

On the rear panel we have the classic, no-frills connections, from left to right: IEC AC power inlet (universal internal power supply, a nice first from DSI!), a USB port, three pedal jacks (one Sustain/footswitch + two assignable to continuous values), a MIDI trio and five audio outputs on 1/4" jacks. The first four jacks (TS unbalanced) are configured as line-level stereo output pairs, so each program layer has its own independent stereo output. The last jack is the headphones output (TRS). A reassuring point with regard to the jacks is that all of them ares firmly screwed to the panel.

Exemplary usability and ergonomics

DSI Prophet 12

Programs comprise one or two sound layers: the first own has priority when editing. However, we can edit either one or both at the same time. We can also easily copy one layer unto another one, swap them, adjust their volume, modify the split point, change one of the two programs… Certain modules of the Prophet 12 share controls: oscillators, LFOs, auxiliary envelopes… but it isn't much to worry about, for several reasons: to begin with, we usually deal with encoders for such controls, which avoids jumps; secondly, because there are some clever editing tricks, for example: pressing and holding one of the four oscillator selectors, we can edit all four oscillators simultaneously, so when we modify an encoder, the display shows the same parameter for the four oscillators, which we can edit with the four soft knobs on top of the screen. The same applies to the LFOs, by pressing and holding all four LFO selectors. The "Show" function allows us to read parameter values when we move a control, but without modifying the sound, obviously. The "Revert" function allows us to go back to a parameter's stored value by simply pressing the Revert button and turning the desired knob. Potentiometers work with one of the three usual modes: jump, relative and passthru.

DSI Prophet 12

There are other functions to simplify our lives too. The screen displays the envelope curve in real time as soon as we move a knob. The same goes for waveforms when we fiddle with the Shape parameter. To select the 792 internal programs we have a numerical keypad in addition to four bank keys. The bravest can browse them one by one, but once they reach the top (number 99) they will stomp against an unsurmountable numerical wall: programs do not loop and the banks are not linked. For live musicians, DSI has foreseen four Playlists of 40 programs, each of which is itself organized in four sets of 10 programs: to recall a program from a list we have the four bank keys, the ten numerical keypad keys and the four soft keys underneath the display. Finally, the front panel also features two octave-transpose keys, but no semitone transposition option. The latter would've been more practical given that it's a five-octave keyboard…

Sound tests

DSI Prophet 12

The Prophet 12 comes with four banks of 99 read-only programs and four banks of 99 user programs. First observation: the audio level is very high! The factory sounds aren't very useful nor convincing, it's a pity they can't be overwritten. After having browsed all of them, we were tempted to create something that does not exist by default: warm and fat sounds! Not so simple... the sound is colder than that of previous DSI. It has nothing to do with a Prophet-5 or even a Prophet-VS, which we had at hand. The Prophet 12 sounds very different to previous DSI synths. It excels in cold, hybrid textures, evolving sounds, surgical attacks, FM basses… but not so when it comes to strings, brasses or soft pads.

Despite the Slop function, which recreates pitch fluctuations, it is light years behind an OB-X or a Memorymoog. As soon as we start to modulate at high frequencies we generate not very pleasant digital artifacts  … in any case not as much as our PPG Wave 2.3 and Prophet VS. The sound is more aggressive than a Microwave XT (though 100% digital), benefiting from aliasing reduction algorithms. And, in comparison with the Solaris that also (and only) uses Sharc DSPs to produce signals, the Prophet 12 sounds smaller and with less depth; on the Solaris, there's no aliasing (even if modulating the oscillators to audio level) and the frequency response is consistent across the whole audio spectrum. The Prophet 12 exhibits highly pronounced high-mids, contained lows and aggressive highs…

Prophet 12 1audio Arpeg
  • Prophet 12 1audio Arpeg 00:21
  • Prophet 12 1audio Bass PPG 00:36
  • Prophet 12 1audio Digidecim 00:54
  • Prophet 12 1audio Drums ana1 00:31
  • Prophet 12 1audio Drums ana2 00:47
  • Prophet 12 1audio Hybrid1 00:46
  • Prophet 12 1audio Hybrid2 00:51
  • Prophet 12 1audio Pad w slope 00:25
  • Prophet 12 1audio Poly 2P 00:23
  • Prophet 12 1audio Poly 4P 00:23
  • Prophet 12 1audio RnB split 00:33
  • Prophet 12 1audio Sync aliasing 00:17
  • Prophet 12 1audio Waves 00:26
  • Prophet 12 1audio ZFormant 00:19

Sharc attack

DSI Prophet 12

As its name implies, the Prophet 12 is 12 voice polyphonic. It can work in simple mode (12 voices), Split (two separate six-voice A|B programs split at a user-defined point) or Stack (two six-voice A+B programs for the full range of the keyboard). All this is stored in program mode. Voices can be played in polyphonic or unison mode with detuning. In this last case, there are different note priorities: low and high note with and without envelope retriggering. As already mentioned, the Prophet 12 uses Sharc DSPs to generate its sound. Contrary to previous DSI synths, the DCOs of the DSI-120 analog circuit developed with Curtis aren't at all (the low-pass VCF and the VCA are, however, which we will come to later). The signal path has been complicated quite a bit: four oscillators + one Sub (all digital) are mixed and then sent to the digital "Character" effects. The result is converted into analog before going through two filters in series, low-pass and high-pass, and then landing on a stereo VCA. The signal goes out of the VCA, a part is sent directly to the stereo outs, while the other is converted into digital and then sent to four delay lines and a feedback loop. The delay lines are reconverted into analog to be taken to the stereo outputs, while the feedback is reinjected digitally before the "Character" effects. The accompanying scheme illustrates the signal path (without any successive conversions).

DSI Prophet 12

The four oscillators are identical: they span over 10 octaves (8 Hz – 8 kHz) in semitone and 1/100-tone steps. Key follow can be deactivated, which is ideal for certain intermodulations (FM, sync). The oscillator's cycle phase can be free or linked to the pressing of a key. Every oscillator offers four typical wave shapes (sawtooth, pulse, triangle, sine), 12 wavetables (Tines, Mellow, Church, Muted, Nasal, Boing, Gothic, Ahhh, Shrill, Ohhhh, Buzzzz, Meh) and three noises (red, white, violet). All these waves are variable thanks to the Shape parameter that acts on the harmonic content or sweeps the wave table. Even better, the wave tables can work in threes (one to the left, one on the center and one to the right), while the Shape parameter allows us to go progressively from one to the other. The same applies to the noises, except that the left and right waves are fixed. The first oscillator has a basic sub-oscillator: a sine an octave below, just enough to enhance the bass, no more… Each oscillator and sub has a programmable output level that can also be modulated, to achieve a finer mix. 

Imminent destruction

DSI Prophet 12

The oscillators can interact with each other: hard synced, FM and AM. The modulation order is predefined: oscillator 2 modulates carrier 1, 3 modulates carrier 2, 4 modulates carrier 3 and 1 modulates carrier 4. The result of stacking modulations can be surprising, which explains in part the richness in textures of the Prophet 12, especially considering that the FM and AM parameters can be modulated. The timbre is nevertheless metallic, with a lot of aliasing in the highs, like we already described above. It's at this level that Glide (polyphonic portamento with fixed time or interval) and Slop (vintage VCO instability simulation) are adjusted.

To make the bloodshed even more gruesome, the Prophet 12 uses five more weapons of massive destruction: Girth (low frequency booster), Air (high frequency booster), Hack (bit depth reducer), Decimation (sample frequency reducer) and Drive (tape saturation emulation). Every effect has only one parameter that can be edited and modulated: its action level. These effects behave more or less subtly, reinforcing, dirtying or distorting the signal, while always keeping a digital flair. It can be very aggressive in the higher frequencies, especially if the oscillators interact at high levels. It would've been nice to have an audio input to use them for external signals before sending them to the filters, which we will address right away...

Curtis & Co

The Prophet 12 features, for every of its voices, a resonant low-pass filter connected in series with a resonant high-pass filter, without any other routing mode.

DSI Prophet 12

As we already said before, nor the filters nor the way the signal reaches them is what we would call revolutionary. Even if the analog components of the low-pass filter are the same as on previous DSI instruments (DSI-120), we can't really find that same color. The four-pole mode is resonant up to self-oscillation, but the two-pole mode stays at that and has a very flat coloration to stand out. The resonant high-pass filter is made out of discrete components: op-amp, VCA, capacitors and resistances. It is unfortunately rather dull, but it does however allow interesting attacks as soon as we modulate the cut of the cut-off frequency with an envelope. Again, the resonance colors very slightly, it's not the HPF of the MS20, even if we drive the resonance to self-oscillation with the modulation matrix's DC parameter! Cutting all frequencies, it seems that the oscillators bleed in a more pronounced way than on previous DSI.

DSI Prophet 12

The low-pass filter's cut-off responds smoothly across 13 octaves (165 values). It can be directly modulated by a dedicated DADSR envelope, key follow and velocity. The high-pass filter's cut-off can be directly modulated by key follow. The other parameters of both filters (like resonance) can also be modulated via an appropriate matrix (see below). After going out of the high-pass filter, the signal goes into a stereo VCA. There it finds a dedicated DADSR envelope that can be directly modulated by the velocity. All voices can be scattered in the stereo field and modulated. At the VCA output, a part of the signal rejoins the audio outputs, while another part is converted into digital to go to the delay lines (see below), on the one hand, and to the feedback circuit on the other. The feedback amount can be adjusted in a bipolar mode, a negative setting corresponds to an inverted signal. The feedback loop is tunable per semitone for a four-octave range (C0 – C4), the frequency follows the keyboard depending on the high-pass filter's cut-off frequency and the number of poles.

Matrix modulations

Like all DSI products, the Prophet 12 excels in terms of modulations. Let's start with the four LFOs per voice. They can oscillate freely or be triggered by the keyboard with its frequency synced to the internal clock or MIDI. The wave shapes are typical: bipolar triangle, reverse sawtooth, sawtooth, square, pulse (three different lengths), and random. We can also adjust the phase and destination (which spares us a slot on the matrix). Finally, a Slew parameter allows us to smoothen the waveform by rounding the rough edges. When it come to envelopes, the Prophet 12 has four DADSR. The first two envelopes are preassigned to the low-pass filter and VCA, but they all have a directly assignable destination (without the need of using a matrix slot, thank you again!). The time segments are sufficiently responsive to create twangy sounds, like analog percussions. The envelopes can be directly modulated by the velocity. And it is also possible to loop the DAD segments at will.

DSI Prophet 12

Finally, the Prophet 12 wouldn't be a DSI without a powerful modulation matrix with 16 programmable slots and bipolar modulation amount. It can handle 26 sources and 97 destinations. Among the sources are the oscillators, LFOs, envelopes, physical controls, velocity, pressure, key follow, pedals, a random generator, a DC (fixed value)… among the destinations are the frequencies, volumes, wave position, FM, AM of each or all oscillators, the five "Character" effects before filtering, the filters' cut-off and resonance, VCA, pan, stereo width, feedback, four delays, four LFOs, four DADSRs and 16 modulations. In this latter case we create modulations of modulations. The screen makes editing easier: it displays the slot list, each with its source, modulation amount and destination. The scrolling, as well as the editing, is done via four soft knobs placed above the screen. We can even put the parameters in ascending or descending order thanks to the soft keys placed below the screen. Very practical to see which sources are assigned to the same destination or which destinations are modulated by the same source!

Programmed delays

DSI Prophet 12

At the VCA output, part of the analog signal is converted into digital to feed four stereo delay lines. Each can be set from one millisecond to one second. The times can be synced to the internal clock or MIDI (four beats to 1/16 of a beat). We can set the amount of signal processed and the feedback. There is no direct control for the pan at this stage, but it can be configured and modulated via the matrix (fixed DC source or variable parameter), to create ping-pong effects, for example.

Using all four delay lines we can simulate different effects. For instance, short reverbs (rooms, springs, plates) or even chorus or flanger effects by modulating the delay time. The user manual includes several examples of different parameter settings for different applications. After going out of the delay lines, the signal is once again converted into analog to join the physical audio outputs. At the very end of the chain, the signal is finally sent to an analog distortion controlled by a pot. There's a distortion circuit per sound layer, which allows for independent processing in Split/Stack mode.

Minimalist arpeggios

Each of the two layers of a program has its own dedicated arpeggiator. Nothing very transcendental, as we shall see, in comparison to the 32-step programmable one announced at the NAMM! In its current version (at the time of this review, DSI ignored if it would change someday), the arpeggiator makes do with one tempo (with Tap function and internal/MIDI sync), five playback directions (up, down, alternating, played, random), one octave range (one to three octaves), a repeats parameter (zero to three notes) and an advanced Latch mode (holds played notes with substitute or added notes). But there's a small glitch: the arpeggiated notes aren't transmitted to the MIDI out, boo! So, in short, nothing new under the sky, especially considering that it can't be made up for with the step sequencer because there isn't any! 

External connections

DSI Prophet 12

The Prophet 12 communicates with the external world via MIDI/USB. The buttons and pots on the top panel transmit CC or NRPN, the latter of which allows for a resolution of more than 128 values. The Prophet 12 can also receive CC or NRPN. In CC we control remotely the main parameters of the layer being edited (A by default). In NRPN we have access to all parameters of both layers on the same MIDI channel. It is incidentally the only way to control both layers, since the Prophet 12 is incapable of working with two MIDI channels at this stage. SysEx is recognized, which is useful to do program dumping. Programs aren't compatible with other DSI instruments, which is logical.

USB 2 is used to repeat whatever goes in and out of the MIDI connectors, it was not conceived to be an interface between a computer and other MIDI instruments. Anyway, the manufacturer does not recommend using MIDI In and USB at the same time, because the synth might crash. But MIDI out is good. To close this chapter we will mention that there's a PC/Mac editor developed by Soundtower

The best Prophet?

The Prophet 12 won't leave anybody indifferent. Its design, in terms of look and usability, is really fantastic. It is, in our humble opinion, the most beautiful instrument we have ever tested. It is also very well built and everything was conceived to facilitate sound research. Which is even more important given that the factory sounds are not the best. Besides the nice complex pads, percussions, or digital basses where the Prophet 12 excels, it's not easy to get warm, fat sounds out of it like on (partially) analog synths. In short, some will surely think that the performance doesn't quite match its beauty. It gives a contrasting impression of a high-end instrument that isn't as versatile as one would expect. In any case, no substitute for the Prophet’08. Although it just might be that some of us turn more demanding or blunt as time goes by.

Download the audio files (in WAV format)


Pros Cons
  • Beautiful complex sound textures
  • Generous polyphony
  • Deep synthesis
  • Powerful oscillators
  • Pre- and post-filter effects
  • Modulation capabilities
  • Multiple synchronizations
  • CC/NRPN transmission and reception
  • Generous controls
  • Excellent ergonomics
  • Construction quality
  • Finally an internal power supply!
  • Very nice looking
  • Weak basses
  • Not very warm-and-fat-sounds-friendly
  • High-pass filter too flat
  • Only one MIDI channel per program
  • The arpeggiator is too basic
  • No sequencer
  • No audio input
  • USB limited to MIDI
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