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Mastering at Home - Part 15

Tips for Using Headphones While Mastering Music

Now that we have covered the entire mastering chain, let's move on to different tools that are useful in the context of DIY — like headphones.

View other articles in this series...

Warning

Before we begin, it’s important to know that headphones are nothing but an aid in a mastering situation. For multiple reasons, it’s utterly unrealistic to try to work with headphones alone. First of all, listening on headphones will not do justice to the stereo image of a song, given that the sounds on the left channel will never reach the right ear and vice versa.

Mastering au casque

Second, it is very hard to become fully aware of the real impact of dynamics with headphones, regardless of their quality. The sensation of power has a lot to do with the movement of air produced by speakers in a room, which is reduced to the minimum when the speakers are right next to your ears. Think about those fat lows that you can feel all the way to your bones when you’re listening on speakers — you don’t experience them the same way when monitoring on headphones.

Finally, EQing will never sound the same on headphones as with speakers due to the natural filters in your environment, like the room itself, your body, your head, and even your ears.

So, in short, a good job with a good set of speakers is very likely to sound fine on headphones, while an excellent job on the best headphones will not necessarily sound good on speakers

.

In practice

That said, headphones can be very useful in a “home mastering” situation. In fact, an excellent pair of headphones will always be less expensive than a good set of speakers and adequate acoustic treatment for your room. Thus, it is worth considering using headphones as a way to compensate for the defects of your speakers and/or your place of work, as long as you always heed the warnings stated above.

Mastering au casque

But what good can listening on headphones be with all those defects? For starters, if your headphones go deeper than your speakers, they will allow you to check the tonal balance in the low end. Headphones will certainly not render as faithfully the energy of the lows, but when it comes to EQing, their use in this frequency range seems pertinent, considering that low frequencies are barely altered by your body acting as a natural filter.

Headphones also allow you to verify the quality of your fades in a more clinical way, as well as the impact of dithering, by increasing the volume a bit. But you should always be careful with your ears! It’s better to concentrate a little harder than to crank the volume too high, which could irremediably damage your main working tool: Your ears!

Further, listening through headphones will also allow you to deal with reverb in a more refined way. Since any adding of reverb in mastering is done strictly in minute doses, your headphones will serve as a microscope for inspecting reverb tails.

Finally, it is obvious that, sooner or later, your work will be heard on headphones. So you can always verify that the result is up to your expectations.

Tools of the trade

In order to choose the best companion for your ears, we strongly recommend you to take a look at the reviews we’ve made of the different headphones we’ve tested.

 

 

← Previous article in this series:
Mastering at Home - Part 14
Next article in this series:
Mastering at Home - Part 16 →
  • RonniePistons 2 posts
    RonniePistons
    New AFfiliate
    Posted on 08/28/2014 at 14:20:01
    I like to use headphones to check the levels of my mix and my master, but I could never see myself actually mastering with headphones.
  • Mike Levine 1064 posts
    Mike Levine
    AFicionado
    Posted on 08/30/2014 at 05:46:02
    I can understand your hesitation. I think, however, that the author was simply suggesting using the headphones to check certain aspects that otherwise could be affected by a home studio's inferior acoustics and monitors (compared to a mastering studio). He certainly wasn't advocating doing a complete mastering job on headphones.

    Quote:
    But what good can listening on headphones be with all those defects? For starters, if your headphones go deeper than your speakers, they will allow you to check the tonal balance in the low end. Headphones will certainly not render as faithfully the energy of the lows, but when it comes to EQing, their use in this frequency range seems pertinent, considering that low frequencies are barely altered by your body acting as a natural filter.

    Headphones also allow you to verify the quality of your fades in a more clinical way, as well as the impact of dithering, by increasing the volume a bit.

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